Some gemstone jewel definitions
Facet rough : Higher top grade faceting raw uncut untreated or treated like heat. Cleaner rough used by faceters to cut facets and turn into faceted gems.
Cab rough : Cabbing in the rough form used by cabbers to cut and form gemstones with a lapidary machine generally into rounded tops and flat bottoms. Usually a grade of uncut rough that is not facetable but can also be created from facet or semi facet grade rough.
Faceted jewels : Gems faceted with a faceting machine and the loose cut stones are used in silver and gold jewelry settings.
Cabochons : Gem stone cabs that usually have a rounded top and flat bottom to place into silver or gold or lower grade metal like copper jewelry settings. Sometimes spelled cabachons. Commonly used in pendants and rings etc. Many are transparent, translucent or opaque.
Tumble stones : Gem stones that have been tumbled in lapidary tumblers and polished. Also referred to as tumblestones Usually the tumbling is done on lesser graded rough. Can be used in aura chakra metaphysical healing therapy sets, as charms, with wire wraps, crafts.
Freeforms : Stones that have been formed in non-calibrated shapes that can typically be used in wire wrapping projects or drilled for beads.
Beads : Gemstones that are usually drilled through the stone to the other side but sometimes can be half drilled and may be used as focal ones. Used in necklaces, bracelets, earrings etc.
Crystals : Natural mother nature stones from world earth that are whole or partial with crystal sides and points. Some do custom wire wrap.
Carvings : More exotic shaped gemstones that have been carved by carvers which are formed using lapidary equipment and tools.